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专四必备语法:非谓语动词的其他考点

宣布工夫:2015-11-20内容泉源:VOA英语学习网

五、非谓语动词的其他考点

1.接不定式或动名词做宾语都可以,但在意思上有区另外动词的用法

mean to do想要(做某事) propose to do 计划(做某事)

mean doing意味(做某事) propose doing发起(做某事)

forget to do遗忘(要做的事) remember to do记得(要做某事)

forget doing遗忘(已做的事) remember doing记得(已做过的事)

go on to do继而(做另一件事) stop to do停上去去做另一件事

go on doing持续(做原来的事) stop doing中止正在做的事

regret to do(对将要做的事)遗憾 regret doing(对已做过的事)懊悔

2.不定式的习气用法

句型:cannot help but do cannot but do

cannot choose but do can do nothing but do

have no choice/alternative but to do

上述句型的意思靠近,即“不得不做”、“不由做”、“情不自禁地做”、“不克不及不做”、“只能做”。如:

Nobody can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.

When I consider how talented he is as a painter, I cannot help but believe that the public will appreciate his gift.

3.动名词的习气用法

句型:be busy/active doing sth. have difficulty/trouble/problem doing sth.

It’s no good/use/picnic doing sth. have a good/great/wonderful time doing sth.

spend/waste time doing sth. There is no point/sense/harm/ use doing sth.

cannot help doing sth. There is no doing sth.

I know it isn’t important but I can’t help thinking about it.

Alice was having trouble controlling the children because there were so many of them.

There is no use crying over spilt milk.

4.there be 非谓语动词的用法

(1)做宾语时取决于谓语动词的继续要求。如:

The students expected there to be more reviewing classes before the final exams.(expect要求接不定式做宾语)

(2)做目标状语或水平状语时用for there to be,做其他状语用there being。如:

For there to be successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present. (for there to be…在句中做目标状语)

It isn’t cold enough for there to be a frost tonight, so I can leave Jim’s car out quite safely.

(for there to be…在句中做水平状语)

There being no further questions, we’ll stop here today. (there being…做缘由状语)

(3)引导主语用for there to be。如:It is unusual for there to be no late comers today.

(4)做除for外的介词宾语,用there being。如:

He would always ignore the fact of there being such a contradiction in his inner thought.

 

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