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专四必备语法:描述词、副词及其比拟级

宣布工夫:2015-11-24内容泉源:VOA英语学习网

八、描述词、副词及其比拟级

1.描述词的句法功用

描述词在句中做定语、表语和主语。考生应留意:

(1)以 “a” 扫尾的描述词如alone, alike, asleep, awake等不克不及做前置定语,可做表语或后置定语。

(2)某些以副词词缀 “-ly” 开头的词是描述词,如friendly, leisurely, lovely等。

(3)下列动词既是实义动词又是系动词,留意用做系动词时,要求描述词做表语:remain, keep, become, get, grow, go, come, turn, stay, stand, run, prove, seem, appear, look。

2.考比拟级时,考生应掌握

(1)描述词和副词比拟级的方式能否和比拟连词对应呈现,便是否契合原级比拟及比拟级的构造。如:

Do you enjoy listening to records? I find records are often as good as, or better than an actual performance.

On the whole, ambitious students are more likely to succeed in their studies than are those with little ambition.

(2)比拟的身分能否属于同类事物或同类观点。如:

The number of registered participants in this year’s marathon was half that of last year’s.

Young readers, more often than not, find the novels of Dickens far more exciting than Thackeray’s.

(3)比拟级的修饰语如 a little, a lot, the, any, even, far, hardly, lots, much, rather,另有表现倍数比拟的词等,他们的地位是:修饰语+as…as…, 或修饰语+more…than…。如:

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills seven times more people each year than automobile accidents.

“Do you regret paying five hundred dollars for the painting?” “No, I would gladly have paid twice as much for it.”

(4)下列词和短语不必比拟级方式却表现比拟观点:

inferior,minor,senior,prior,prefer to,superior,major,junior,preferable,differ from,compared with,in comparison with,different from,rather than。如:Their watch is superior to all the other watches on the market.

3.最初级方式应留意的题目

比拟级方式表现最初级意义时,比拟工具的范畴使用:

any other +双数名词

the other +单数名词

the others

anyone/anything else

上述词是用来将比拟级构造变化成最初级意义的要害词语,切不行脱漏,不然会形成逻辑杂乱的错误。如不克不及说:John runs faster than anyone.留意与汉语表达的差别。

4.有关比拟级的特别句型

(1)not so much…as…与其说……不如说……

The chief reason for the population growth isn’t so much a rise in birth rates as a fall in death rates as a result of improvements in medical care.

(2)no/not any more…than…两者一样都不……The heart is no more intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain.

There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, any more than they can limit how much water you drink.

(3)no /not any less…than…两者一样都……She is no less beautiful than her sister.

(4)just as…so….正如……,……也……(用倒装构造)Just as the soil is a part of the earth, so is the atmosphere.

 

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