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(1)以 “a” 扫尾的描述词如alone, alike, asleep, awake等不克不及做前置定语,可做表语或后置定语。

(2)某些以副词词缀 “-ly” 开头的词是描述词,如friendly, leisurely, lovely等。

(3)下列动词既是实义动词又是系动词,留意用做系动词时,要求描述词做表语:remain, keep, become, get, grow, go, come, turn, stay, stand, run, prove, seem, appear, look。



Do you enjoy listening to records? I find records are often as good as, or better than an actual performance.

On the whole, ambitious students are more likely to succeed in their studies than are those with little ambition.


The number of registered participants in this year’s marathon was half that of last year’s.

Young readers, more often than not, find the novels of Dickens far more exciting than Thackeray’s.

(3)比拟级的修饰语如 a little, a lot, the, any, even, far, hardly, lots, much, rather,另有表现倍数比拟的词等,他们的地位是:修饰语+as…as…, 或修饰语+more…than…。如:

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills seven times more people each year than automobile accidents.

“Do you regret paying five hundred dollars for the painting?” “No, I would gladly have paid twice as much for it.”


inferior,minor,senior,prior,prefer to,superior,major,junior,preferable,differ from,compared with,in comparison with,different from,rather than。如:Their watch is superior to all the other watches on the market.



any other +双数名词

the other +单数名词

the others

anyone/anything else

上述词是用来将比拟级构造变化成最初级意义的要害词语,切不行脱漏,不然会形成逻辑杂乱的错误。如不克不及说:John runs faster than anyone.留意与汉语表达的差别。


(1)not so much…as…与其说……不如说……

The chief reason for the population growth isn’t so much a rise in birth rates as a fall in death rates as a result of improvements in medical care.

(2)no/not any more…than…两者一样都不……The heart is no more intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain.

There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, any more than they can limit how much water you drink.

(3)no /not any less…than…两者一样都……She is no less beautiful than her sister.

(4)just as…so….正如……,……也……(用倒装构造)Just as the soil is a part of the earth, so is the atmosphere.


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