1. VOA英语学习网
  2. 设首页|英语四级|千亿国际文娱网页版|英语日志|英文自我引见|英语话剧脚本
  3. 打包下载 | 千亿国际 | BBC打包 | 日语 韩语
  4. 手机版
  1. 千亿国际文娱
  2. 剑桥英语测验认证
  3. 外教口语面临面课程

美国粹生汗青 第03期:欧洲人发明美洲(03)

宣布工夫:2016-11-26内容泉源:VOA英语学习网

7. John Cabot, 1497.

7.约翰·卡伯特(1497年)

While Columbus explored the West Indies, another Italian sailed across the Sea of Darkness farther north. His name was John Cabot, and he sailed with a license from Henry VII of England, the first of the Tudor kings. Setting boldly forth from Bristol, England, he crossed the North Atlantic and reached the coast of America north of Nova Scotia. Like Columbus, he thought that he had found the country of the Grand Khan. Upon his discovery English kings based their claim to the right to colonize North America.

在哥伦布到印度西部探险的同时,另一个意大利人穿过黑海北上,他的名字叫约翰·卡伯特,此人带着英都城锋王朝第一个国王亨利七世签发的通畅证帆海,他大胆地从英国西部的布里斯托尔海港动身,穿过北大泰西,抵达诺瓦斯科夏北部美洲海岸。如哥伦布一样,约翰·卡伯特以为他发明的是忽必烈的国度,依据约翰·卡伯特的发明,英国国王声称本人对北美洲的殖民统治权。

8. The Naming of America.

8.美洲的定名

Many other explorers also visited the new-found lands. Among these was an Italian named Americus Vespucius. Precisely where he went is not clear. But it is clear that he wrote accounts of his voyages, which were printed and read by many persons. In these accounts he said that what we call South America was not a part of Asia. So he named it the New World. Columbus all the time was declaring that the lands he had found were a part of Asia. It was natural, therefore, that people in thinking of the New World should think of Americus Vespucius. Before long some one even suggested that the New World should be named America in his honor. This was done, and when it became certain that the other lands were not parts of Asia, the name America was given to them also until the whole continent came to be called America.

另有很多探险者也到过新发明的这些大陆,此中就故意大利人阿美利哥·维斯普奇。他到了那边并不非常清晰,但是,很显然他写了一些关于帆海的日记,日记被印刷出来后,有很多人读过。在这些日记中,阿美利哥·维斯普奇以为人们所谓的南美洲不是亚洲的一局部,他因而把这个中央定名为“新天下”。哥伦布不断以为本人发明的那些海洋是亚洲的一局部。因而,天然人们在想起“新天下”时应该想到阿美利哥·维斯普奇。之后不久,乃至有人发起应该把这个“新天下”叫做美洲以留念他。人们承受了这个发起,而且,当确切晓得别的一些海洋不是亚洲的组成局部时,人们用美洲来定名这些海洋,如许不断连续到整个大陆被叫做美洲。

9. Balboa and Magellan, 1513, 1520.

9.巴波亚和麦哲伦(1513年,1520年)

Balboa was a Spaniard who came to San Domingo to seek his fortune. He became a pauper and fled away from those to whom he owed money. After long wanderings he found himself on a high mountain in the center of the Isthmus of Panama. To the southward sparkled the waters of a new sea. He called it the South Sea. Wading into it waist deep, he waved his sword in the air and took possession of it for his royal master, the King of Spain. This was in 1513. Seven years later, in 1520, Magellan, a Portuguese seaman in the service of the Spanish king, sailed through the Straits of Magellan and entered the same great ocean, which he called the Pacific. Thence northward and westward he sailed day after day, week after week, and month after month, until he reached the Philippine Islands. The natives killed Magellan. But one of his vessels found her way back to Spain around the Cape of Good Hope.

巴波亚是一个到圣多明各淘金的西班牙人,他酿成一个贫民,而且在借主的催逼下分开了圣多明各,在远程跋涉之后,巴波亚发明本人在巴拿马海峡当中的一座平地上,往南看是一片波涛汹涌的新陆地,他把它叫做南海,并向纵深处跋涉,他向空中挥动他的宝剑,为他效忠的西班牙国王取得这片新领地。这一年是1513年。7年后,在1520年,葡萄牙水手麦哲伦在西班牙国王的支持下穿过麦哲伦海峡进入这一片陆地,他把它叫做平静洋。麦哲伦转而向西、向北飞行,日复一日,累周不断,颠末数月飞行他终极抵达菲律宾群岛,岛上的人杀去世了麦哲伦,但是,他的一条船绕过好望角逃回了西班牙。

来自:千亿国际文娱网页版_千亿国际文娱|www.qy449.com 文章地点: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20161126/408848.html