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饮食与养分 第112期:统一个安康题目的讨论(05)

宣布工夫:2017-12-07内容泉源:VOA英语学习网

And then there you get into risk behavior at high risk interfaces which is how we target our specific surveillance strategy for wildlife

然后是人畜打仗点的高危举动,这些便是野生植物监控战略的次要目的

Of course, all of these different things affect the livelihoods of the people who live in all of these developing countries

固然,一切这些都市影响开展中国度人们的生存

and that will affect how they decide to use land and population dynamics there

影响到他们的地皮运用以及生齿静态

So certainly it's a very interconnected the world that we live in

我们所处的天下联络越来越大

and there is a lot of different things that we're doing now to try and learn more about what's going on and how things may change

我们正在停止许多差别任务,试图理解发作了什么以及事物怎样变革

Just as a justification really, we are learning more and more about

做这些是由于我们越来越多地理解

how many of the diseases that are important for human health and public health come from animals and specifically wildlife, right

许多野生植物疾病开端对人类大众安康形成严重要挟

So, we want to learn more about what are the underlying pathogens going on in these wildlife populations and then how we can hopefully

我们想更好地理解这些对人具有潜伏要挟的病原体

prevent spillover or focus on early detection to prevent pandemic spread

理解怎样在晚期根绝这些疾病从植物传给人

So we're targeting mainly viruses in this work that are the most likely to evolve the quickest to jump species

我们所关怀的病原体多是能疾速退化且具有高外溢能够的病毒

You can really see on the bottom right here where we start with all of these small-scale populations and interfaces

看这里的右下角一开端是这些较小范围的生齿和打仗点

but then you may get local emergence here where you have a background level of disease that goes over time

之后一段工夫在外地会呈现肯定水平的疾病熏染

You'll get these blips of disease outbreaks

零散呈现疾病爆发

that may stay self-contained if you don't have more susceptible populations contacting them

假如内部的人差别这些人打仗,题目还不会扩展

but now that we're in such a global society where planes are flying around the world all time, It's very easy to spread our pathogens

但如今是一个环球化的天下四处都有飞机,病原体传达很容易

And so what would've been a localized emergence a decade ago now can easily become a global emergence

如许,十年前还只是中央性发作的疾病如今就会环球爆发

And that's partly why we're funded to do the work that we're doing now, there's an increased awareness will be important to this

这便是当局提供资金做这些的一大缘由,人们越来越认识到其紧张性

来自:千亿国际文娱网页版_千亿国际文娱|www.qy449.com 文章地点: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20171207/517637.html