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2016年英语专业四级听力真题 演讲

宣布工夫:2018-04-02内容泉源:VOA英语学习网

What Is Grit?

什么是决计?

Good afternoon, everyone.

各人下战书好。

Today, I would like to talk about my research project concerning the key to success.

明天我想谈一谈我的研讨项目,主题是乐成的要害。

I would like to start my topic with my own story.

起首,我想讲讲我本人的故事。

When I was 27 years old, I left for a demanding job:

27岁的时分,我去做了一份十分有应战性的任务:

teaching seventh graders math in the New York City public schools.

去纽约的公立学校教七年级数学。

And like any teacher, I made quizzes and tests.

像其他教师一样,我设计了讲堂检验和测验,

I gave out homework assignments.

也会部署家庭作业,

When the work came back, I calculated grades.

作业交下去,我也会给出分数。

What struck me was that IQ was not the only difference between my best and my worst students.

我受惊地发明,智商并不是勤学生和差先生的独一区别。

Some of my strongest performers did not have super IQ scores.

有些体现很好的先生智商并没有超过跨过凡人。

Some of my smartest kids weren't doing so well.

有些十分智慧的孩子体现不是特殊好。

Then I felt very interested in knowing the reason

因而我十分想弄明确,

why the students' math performance is not that closely related to their IQ scores.

为什么先生在数学上的变现并没有跟智商值亲密相干呢?

I started studying kids and adults in all kinds of challenging settings,

我开端研讨在种种极具应战性的情境下,儿童和成年人的体现。

and in every study my question was, who is successful here and why?

在研讨中,我会提出如许的题目:这里谁是乐成的人?为什么?

My research team and I went to West Point Military Academy.

我和我的实行团队去了西点军校。

We tried to predict which students would stay in military training and which would drop out.

我们预测了哪些先生会完成军训,哪些会落伍。

We went to the National Spelling Contest

我们去了天下拼字竞赛,

and tried to predict which children would advance furthest in competition.

预测哪些孩子会终极夺冠。

We worked with private companies, asking, which of these salespeople is going to keep their jobs?

我们到过一些企业,问他们哪些贩卖职员会被蝉联,

And who's going to earn the most money?

谁赚的最多。

We went to many places, and finally one characteristic emerged as a significant predictor of success.

我们去了许多中央,最初发明一个能预测乐成的紧张特点。

And it wasn't social intelligence.

不是社会智能。

It wasn't good looks, physical health, and it wasn't IQ.

不是姣美的长相,不是安康的身材,也不是智商。

It was grit.

是决计。

What is grit?

决计是什么?

Well, grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals.

嗯,决计是为告竣临时目的而高兴的热情与恒心。

Grit is sticking with your future, day in, day out, not just for the week, not just for the month,

决计是不保持对将来的神往,日复一日,不是一周,不是一个月,

but for years, and working really hard to make future a reality.

而是年年云云,踏实高兴把对将来的神往酿成理想。

Grit is living your life like it's a marathon, not a sprint.

决计是把生存过成马拉松,而不是长跑。

A few years ago, I started studying grit in the Chicago public schools.

几年前,我开端在芝加哥的公立学校研讨决计。

I asked thousands of high school juniors to take grit questionnaires,

我做了关于决计的观察问卷观察了几千名高三先生,

and then waited around more than a year to see who would graduate.

又等了一年多看看谁会结业。

It turned out that grittier kids were significantly more likely to graduate,

最初发明,比拟有决计的孩子们结业的能够性更大,

even when I matched them on every characteristic I could measure,

即便比对我能测定的种种特点,

things like family income, test scores and so on.

如家庭支出,测验成果等,也是云云。

To me, the most shocking thing about grit is how little we know,

最让我受惊的是,我们对决计知之甚少,

how little science knows, about building it.

迷信也对怎样加强决心纪录甚少。

Every day, parents and teachers ask me,

怙恃们和教师们每天都市问我,

"How do I build grit in kids?

“怎样让孩子们更有决计呢?

How do I keep them motivated for the long run? "

我怎样做才干让他们坚持持久的动力呢?”

Our data shows very clearly that there are many talented individuals

我们的数据清晰地表现,有很多有天赋的人,

who simply do not follow through on their commitment.

基本没方法对峙做好该做的事。

In fact, in our data, grit is usually unrelated to measures of talent.

数据还表现,决计通常和天赋的水平没什么干系。

So far, the best idea I've heard about building grit in kids is something called "growth mindset."

迄今为止,我所听过的加强孩子们决计的最佳办法叫作“生长心态”。

Growth mindset is the belief that the ability to learn is not fixed, that it can change with your effort.

生长心态以为,学习才能并不牢固,经过高兴可以改动。

Kids with grit are much more likely to persevere when they fail,

有决计的孩子遇到失败却要对峙下去的能够性更大,

because they don't believe that failure is a permanent condition.

由于他们不置信本人会永久失败。

So growth mindset is a great idea for building grit.

以是生长心态是加强决计的好方法。

But we need more.

不外这还不敷。

And that's where I'm going to end my talk, because that's where we are.

讲完这一点我的发言就要完毕了,由于我们正面临的便是这件事。

That's the work that stands before us.

那便是在我们眼前的任务。

We have to be willing to fail, to be wrong, to start over again with lessons learned.

我们必需情愿失败,情愿出错,情愿失掉失败的经验后再重新开端。

As a conclusion, we need to be gritty about getting our kids grittier.

最初,我们也要坚决决计,肯定会把孩子们培育得更有决计的。

Next time, I would like to share with you my experience in building up students' grit.

下次我想跟各人分享我加强先生决计的阅历。

来自:千亿国际文娱网页版_千亿国际文娱|www.qy449.com 文章地点: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180402/547390.html